Un examen systématique des interventions socio-affectives en milieu scolaire pour les jeunes réfugiés et traumatisés par un conflit
Thirteen studies of school-based interventions for refugee and conflict-traumatized youth were included in this analysis. Interventions based on cognitive behavioral therapy have shown consistent positive results for symptoms related to post-traumatic stress disorder.
Schools provide the majority of mental health services available to children and youth. This narrative systematic review evaluated school-based interventions aimed at improving the mental health or socio-emotional functioning of refugees or immigrants with war trauma. A meta-analysis was not possible due to variations in treatment methods, times and populations studied. The studies included 1,433 participants from 26 countries, aged between 3 and 19 years. Three types of school-based interventions have been identified: cognitive-behavioral therapy, creative expression and multimodal models. Cognitive behavioral therapy interventions had more consistent positive mental health outcomes and often included culturally sensitive adaptations. Creative expression interventions have been the most commonly used intervention, but have yielded conflicting results.
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