Santé mentale des enfants déplacés et réfugiés réinstallés dans des pays à revenu élevé : risque et facteurs de protection
Forty-four studies were included in the study to identify the main risk and protective factors for mental health disorders in displaced and refugee children. There is not enough evidence left about better communities or social interventions to correct these factors through policy making.
Children who resettle in receiving countries have higher prevalence rates of mental health disorders due to difficulties encountered before and after migration. This systematic literature review aims to identify the individual, community, family and social factors that may impact mental health in displaced or refugee children. Key risk factors include exposure to violence prior to migration, discrimination and poor financial support. Key protective factors include strong parental support, family cohesion and a foster care of the same ethnicity. The limitations of the review include the narrow assessment of predictor variables, the great heterogeneity of the included studies, and the lack of effect sizes to shed light on policy implications. Longitudinal studies with higher internal validity are needed to better understand the potential predictors and the long-term effects of migration on mental health.
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