Psychological therapies for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults

Added March 25, 2013

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Although the evidence of each comparison of psychological treatments was very low, this evidence showed that individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy/exposure therapy (TFCBT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) did better than waitlist/usual care in reducing clinician-assessed PTSD symptom; individual TFCBT, EMDR and non-TFCBT are equally effective immediately post-treatment in the treatment of PTSD; there was some evidence that TFCBT and EMDR are superior to non-TFCBT between one to four months following treatment; and also that individual TFCBT, EMDR and non-TFCBT are more effective than other therapies.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a distressing condition, which is often treated with psychological therapies. Earlier versions of this review, and other meta-analyses, have found these to be effective, with trauma-focused treatments being more effective than non-trauma-focused treatments. This review assessed the effects of psychological therapies for the treatment of adults with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).