Osteotomy, compression and other modifications of surgical techniques for internal fixation of extracapsular hip fractures
There is insufficient evidence on the effectiveness of osteotomy for internal fixation of trochanteric hip fractures. Additionally, there was inadequate evidence on the use of compression of the fracture, reaming of the femur, cement augmentation and hydroxyapatite coating of the lag screw.
Many different technical aspects of surgical fixation exist. In addition, substances have been used, either inserted at the fracture site or coated on the implant, to enhance the fixation of the fracture. The review aimed at investigating the effectiveness of new and existing interventions used for internal fixation of extracapsular hip fractures in adults.