Occupationally acquired infections in health care workers

Added December 4, 2018

Citation: Sepkowitz KA. Occupationally acquired infections in health care workers: part II. Annals of internal medicine. 1996 Dec 1;125(11):917-28.

(available on request)

Summary: This large review includes research on blood-borne diseases including Ebola, noted as having a high exposure-attack rate, most affecting nurses among those providing care.

Ebola is noted as having a high exposure-attack rate, most affects and kills nurses among healthcare workers, in the Zaire outbreak of 1995 a 79% death rate included at least 90 (32%) healthcare workers, a similar pattern to a 1979 outbreak in Sudan. Recommended universal precautions include the use of strict barrier protection, restriction of workers and visitors, and the use of negative-pressure ventilation in the presence of respiratory symptoms.


Disclaimer: This summary has been written by staff and volunteers of Evidence Aid in order to make the content of the original document accessible to decision makers who are searching for the available evidence on Ebola but may not have the time, initially, to read the original report in full. This summary is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physicians, other health workers, professional associations, guideline developers, or national governments and international agencies. If readers of this summary think that the evidence that is presented within it is relevant to their decision-making they should refer to the content and details of the original article, and the advice and guidelines offered by other sources of expertise, before making decisions. Evidence Aid cannot be held responsible for any decisions made about Ebola on the basis of this summary alone.