Live neonates born to mothers with Ebola virus disease

Added June 20, 2019

Citation: Nelson JM, Griese SE, Goodman AB, Peacock G. Live neonates born to mothers with Ebola virus disease: a review of the literature. Journal of Perinatology. 2016 Jun;36(6):411-4.

(Note: This review is not open access)

Summary: Ebola transmission from a mother to a neonate is not fully understood, but it is assumed to have a high association of transmission during gestation, delivery, and breast feeding.

A total of five reports on neonates and infants born to an Ebola virus-positive mother have been reported between 1976 and 2014. Both the lack of documentation of this matter and the indefinite descriptions of the individual cases are major limiting factors to allow us to understand the mechanism of transmission of the Ebola virus from a mother to a new born. Reasons behind the lack of documentation can be explained by the high mortality rates of both the mother and neonate/infant. As a result, the hypothesis has been formulated based on the symptoms of the neonate prior to death and whether or not they have been breastfed by an Ebola-positive mother.

 

Disclaimer: This summary has been written by staff and volunteers of Evidence Aid in order to make the content of the original document accessible to decision makers who are searching for the available evidence on Ebola but may not have the time, initially, to read the original report in full. This summary is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physicians, other health workers, professional associations, guideline developers, or national governments and international agencies. If readers of this summary think that the evidence that is presented within it is relevant to their decision-making they should refer to the content and details of the original article, and the advice and guidelines offered by other sources of expertise, before making decisions. Evidence Aid cannot be held responsible for any decisions made about Ebola on the basis of this summary alone.

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