Information technology to help with laboratory testing in primary care

Added April 24, 2020

Citation: Maillet E, Pare G, Currie LM, et al. Laboratory testing in primary care: A systematic review of health IT impacts. International Journal of Medical Informatics 2018; 116: 52-69

Free to view: No

What is this? Information technology (IT) plays an important role in supporting laboratory testing processes in primary care and existing research may provide evidence of relevance to testing for COVID-19.

In this systematic review, the authors searched for research on the impact of a specific IT system on the laboratory testing process in primary care. They restricted their search to studies published between 2000 and January 2018. They included 22 studies.

What was found: IT systems can help to provide primary care providers with easier access to test results, reduce turnaround times and increase their use of prescribed tests based on best practice guidelines.

The use of paper-based processes in parallel with IT systems increased the potential for medical errors due to cognitive overload for the primary care provider.

IT systems that are not viewed as reliable or user-friendly have a negative impact on the performance of primary care providers.

Organizational issues arose when results tracking relied on the memory of the prescriber.


Disclaimer: This summary has been written by staff and volunteers of Evidence Aid in order to make the content of the original document accessible to decision makers who are searching for the available evidence on the coronavirus (COVID-19) but may not have the time, initially, to read the original report in full. This summary is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physicians, other health workers, professional associations, guideline developers, or national governments and international agencies. If readers of this summary think that the evidence that is presented within it is relevant to their decision-making they should refer to the content and details of the original article, and the advice and guidelines offered by other sources of expertise, before making decisions. Evidence Aid cannot be held responsible for any decisions made about the coronavirus (COVID-19) on the basis of this summary alone.