Demandeurs d’asile, violence et santé : une revue systématique de la recherche dans les pays à revenu élevé

Added April 24, 2018

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The 23 studies reviewed show that asylum seekers are highly exposed to many forms of violence and their health consequences, including torture and related illnesses. However, the conclusions of this review are limited due to the heterogeneity of the studies involved and their study populations.

As asylum seekers are often persecuted in their countries of origin, many have been victims of violence during their history of conflict. The authors set out to quantitatively describe exposure to violence among adult asylum seekers in high-income host countries. The variables studied included quantitative data on physical violence, torture, sexual violence, suicide and self-harm, as well as their respective correlates on health. Findings on sexual violence and self-harm are limited, as most studies present data aggregated by sex. The findings of this review about torture were most significant, as at least 30% of the participant populations in each study had experienced torture. History of torture was also correlated with hunger and post-traumatic stress disorder in small unrepresentative samples. However, the included studies were very heterogeneous both in terms of the population studied and the correlates examined. As such, the authors note that more research is needed to confirm the findings. the included studies were very heterogeneous both in terms of the population studied and the correlates examined. As such, the authors note that more research is needed to confirm the findings. the included studies were very heterogeneous both in terms of the population studied and the correlates examined. As such, the authors note that more research is needed to confirm the findings.

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