Condylocephalic nails versus extramedullary implants for extracapsular hip fractures
The use of condylocephalic nails (in particular Ender nails), for trochanteric fracture is no longer appropriate. Any advantages in intra-operative outcomes of condylocephalic nails are outweighed by the increase in fracture healing complications, reoperation rate, residual pain and limb deformity when compared with an extramedullary implant, particularly a sliding hip screw.
Two types of implants used for the surgical fixation of extracapsular hip fractures are condylocephalic nails (intramedullary nails that are inserted up through the femoral canal from above the knee and across the fracture) and extramedullary implants. This review assessed condylocephalic nails (e.g. Ender and Harris nails) compared to extramedullary implants (e.g. fixed nail plates and sliding hip screws) for the treatment of extracapsular (trochanteric and subtrochanteric) hip fracture in adults.
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