Una revisión sistemática de factores de riesgo y protección asociados con violencia asociada a la familia en familias de refugiados

Added March 1, 2018

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Fifteen studies were included to assess the risk and protective factors associated with family-related violence in refugee families. A number of protective and risk factors were determined at the individual, family, societal and cultural levels.

Refugee families often experience family-related violence when they are resettled. This systematic review attempted to identify both risk and protective factors for family-related violence, including domestic abuse, sexual abuse, child maltreatment, emotional abuse, and neglect. Participants represented more than fifteen countries of origin, as well as six host countries. Individual risk factors for violence included parental trauma, substance abuse, and a history of child abuse. Risk factors at the family level included the quality of parent-child interaction, family structure, and tensions regarding acculturation. Risk factors at the social and cultural level included low socioeconomic status and patriarchal belief systems. In contrast, protective factors included positive parental management mechanisms. The authors concluded that this information suggests that interventions targeting family violence should be available to the entire family, not just to the individual experiencing violence. Limitations included heterogeneity of the study population, different definitions of family-related violence, and the often unclear differences between refugees and immigrants identified as study participants. The authors concluded that this information suggests that interventions targeting family violence should be available to the entire family, not just to the individual experiencing violence. Limitations included heterogeneity of the study population, different definitions of family-related violence, and the often unclear differences between refugees and immigrants identified as study participants. The authors concluded that this information suggests that interventions targeting family violence should be available to the entire family, not just to the individual experiencing violence. Limitations included heterogeneity of the study population, different definitions of family-related violence, and the often unclear differences between refugees and immigrants identified as study participants.

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