Una revisión del alcance del estado de salud bucal de los niños inmigrantes y refugiados en América del Norte
Children of refugees and immigrants are more likely to suffer from dental disease. They are less likely to seek oral health care due to language, cultural and financial barriers.
Dental disease is disproportionately concentrated among refugee and immigrant (“newcomer”) children. Children affected by dental disease are more likely to perform worse in school due to attention problems or lack of attendance. The objective of this scoping review was to assess the oral health status of the children of refugees and immigrants, the barriers to proper oral health care and the use of dental services, and, finally, the clinical and behavioral interventions for this population in North America. 32 studies met the inclusion criteria, most of which were located in the United States (n = 26), the rest in Canada (n = 6). Newly arrived children show lower oral health than the local population. Barriers limiting access to oral health care and dental services are language, culture, and economic handicaps. The three studies focusing on intervention programs found that care and educational courses targeted at both parents and Children can improve the oral health status of children. Although most of the identified studies were conducted in the United States, the discussion focuses more specifically on the Canadian context.
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