Sleep problems and COVID-19 (search up to February 2021)

Added July 26, 2021

Citation: Alimoradi Z, Broström A, Tsang HWH, et al. Sleep problems during COVID-19 pandemic and its’ association to psychological distress: A systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine. 2021;36:100916..

What is this: COVID-19 has impacted on the mental health of healthcare professionals, the general population and COVID-19 patients, and may be associated with sleep problems.

In this systematic review, the authors searched for observational studies that assessed sleep problems arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. They restricted their searches to peer-reviewed articles published in English since December 2019 and did the most recent search on 19 February 2021. They included 168 cross-sectional, 4 case-control and 5 longitudinal design papers (total: 345,270 participants from 39 countries).

What was found? At the time of the review, the meta-analyses of the included studies found corrected pooled estimated prevalence of sleep problems of 31% among healthcare professionals, 18% among the general population and 57% among COVID-19 patients.

At the time of the review, the included studies showed that sleep problems were associated with depression and anxiety among healthcare professionals, the general population and COVID-19 patients.


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