School‐based decision‐making in low‐and middle‐income countries

Added April 27, 2020

Citation:  Carr‐Hill R, Rolleston C, Schendel R. The effects of school‐based decision‐making on educational outcomes in low‐and middle‐income contexts: a systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews 2016; 12(1): 1-169

What is this: The COVID-19 pandemic is placing a strain on schools. Existing research on decentralising some aspects of decision making to schools may provide information to help those trying to cope with this.

In this Campbell systematic review, the authors searched for studies of the effects on educational outcomes of changing decision‐making authority from a higher level of decision‐making authority to the level of the school. The authors searched for studies that collected data after 1990 and did their search up to January 2015. They included 26 impact studies of 17 interventions, as well as 9 studies of barriers and enablers.

What was found: Decentralising decision‐making to schools had positive effects in reducing repetition and dropouts, and increasing test scores in middle‐income countries.

There were fewer and smaller benefits in low‐income countries or disadvantaged communities, particularly if parents and community members have low levels of education and low status relative to school personnel.

 

Disclaimer: This summary has been written by staff and volunteers of Evidence Aid in order to make the content of the original document accessible to decision makers who are searching for the available evidence on the coronavirus (COVID-19) but may not have the time, initially, to read the original report in full. This summary is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physicians, other health workers, professional associations, guideline developers, or national governments and international agencies. If readers of this summary think that the evidence that is presented within it is relevant to their decision-making they should refer to the content and details of the original article, and the advice and guidelines offered by other sources of expertise, before making decisions. Evidence Aid cannot be held responsible for any decisions made about the coronavirus (COVID-19) on the basis of this summary alone.

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