Nosocomial infections among coronavirus patients (search done on 31 March 2020)
Citation: Zhou Q, Gao Y, Wang X et al. Nosocomial Infections Among Patients with COVID-19, SARS and MERS: A Rapid Review and Meta-Analysis. Annals of Translational Medicine 2020 May;8(10):629.
What is this? Many patients with COVID-19 will need to attend hospitals, potentially increasing the risk of hospital acquired infections (also known as nosocomial infections).
In this rapid review, the authors searched for studies reporting the proportion of cases of COVID-19, SARS and MERS who were infected in health facilities and about infections among medical staff and outbreaks in hospitals. They did not restrict their searches by date or language and did the search on 31 March 2020. They included 40 studies, which were from Canada (2 studies), China (23), Hong Kong (2), Jordan (1), Saudi Arabia (7), South Korea (3) and Singapore (1), with 1 not stated.
What was found: At the time of this review, the included studies showed that the proportion of nosocomial infections was approximately 44% in early outbreaks of COVID-19.
At the time of this review, the included studies showed that one third of patients with nosocomial COVID-19 infections were medical staff. Nurses and doctors were the most affected among the infected medical staff.
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