Migration and mental health in low-and middle-income countries

Added October 15, 2021

Citation: Meyer SR, Lasater M, Tol WA. Migration and mental health in low-and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Psychiatry. 2017;80(4):374-81.

Language: Abstract available in EN. Full text available in EN.

Free to view: Yes.

Funding sources:  The authors reported that the review received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sector.

What is this? Migration may have an impact on mental health, particularly in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs).

In this systematic review, the authors searched for studies of the association between migration and mental health disorders among migrants aged ≥18 years in LMICs. They restricted their searches to articles published in English and did the most recent search in March 2016. They included 37 studies that were conducted in Brazil (3 studies), China (27), India (1), Indonesia (1), Kazakhstan (1), Malaysia (1), Peru (2) and Thailand (1).

What was found: The evidence base concerning migration, resilience among migrants and mental health in LMICs is very limited.

Low social support is associated with poor mental health.

Discrimination is a risk factor for poor mental health outcomes.

Implications: The authors suggested that further research should focus on improving the measurement of health outcomes and diversifying the region of study because most of the included studies were conducted in China which doesn’t portray an accurate representation of the association between migration and mental health in LMICs.

Other considerations: The authors of the review discuss their findings in the context of place of residence.

 

This summary was prepared by Ana Pizarro, edited by Firas Khalid and Jiewon Lim, and finalized by Mike Clarke.

Disclaimer: This summary has been written by staff and volunteers of Evidence Aid in order to make the content of the original document accessible to decision makers who are searching for the available evidence on humanitarian response but may not have the time, initially, to read the report in full. This summary is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physicians, other health workers, professional associations, guideline developers, or national governments and international agencies. If readers of this summary think that the evidence presented within it is relevant to their decision-making, they should refer to the content and details of the original article, and the advice and guidelines offered by other sources of expertise, before making decisions. The text can be shared and re-used without charge, citing Evidence Aid as the source and noting the date on which you took the text.

Share