mHealth application areas and technology combinations (evidence up to August 2015)
Citation: Abaza H, Marschollek M. mHealth application areas and technology combinations: a comparison of literature from high and low/middle income countries. Methods of information in medicine. 2017 Jan;56(S 01):e105-22.
What is this? The COVID-19 pandemic is placing a strain on healthcare systems, workers and patients. Existing research on mobile Health (mHealth, healthcare delivered via mobile devices and wireless communication) strategies might provide useful information to ease this.
In this literature review, the authors searched for studies that reviewed mHealth applications, comparing use and type of application between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries. They restricted their searches to articles published in English and did the search in August 2015. They included 255 articles.
What was found: The two most popular application areas for mHealth were (a) health promotion and raising awareness and (b) health monitoring and surveillance.
The most commonly address medical condition was diabetes, but it was not adequately targeted in low- and middle-income countries, along with other non-communicable diseases.
The most popular mHealth technology types were SMS messages and smartphone/PDA apps.
The effects of the reviewed mHealth applications in low- and middle-income countries are uncertain.
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