Evacuation from natural disasters: a systematic review of the literature
Thompson R.R., Garfin D.R., & Silver, R.C. Evacuation from natural disasters: a systematic review of the literature. Risk Analysis, 2017:37(4);812-39.
Female gender, younger age, and white ethnicity were demographic factors most commonly associated with evacuation. The presence of children was also associated with increased evacuation. More prospective and methodologically rigorous research is needed to bolster inference power.
This systematic review aimed to evaluate the current literature on demographic, storm-related and psychological correlates of natural disaster evacuation behavior. Eighty-three papers were included, which utilized 83 independent samples. Consistently, risk perception emerged as a strong, positive predictor of evacuation. Prior experiences, self-efficacy, personality, and links between expected and actual behaviors were examined less frequently in the literature.
Disclaimer: This summary has been written by staff and volunteers of Evidence Aid in order to make the content of the original document accessible to decision makers who are searching for the available evidence for Windstorms but may not have the time, initially, to read the original report in full. This summary is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physicians, other health workers, professional associations, guideline developers, or national governments and international agencies. If readers of this summary think that the evidence that is presented within it is relevant to their decision-making they should refer to the content and details of the original article, and the advice and guidelines offered by other sources of expertise, before making decisions. Evidence Aid cannot be held responsible for any decisions made about Windstorms on the basis of this summary alone.
If you have found this summary helpful, please consider making a donation. If everyone who looked at our COVID-19 resources gave us just £2 per month, it would fund Evidence Aid’s life-saving work.