Epidemiología del consumo de sustancias entre los migrantes forzados: una revisión sistemática global
Sixty-three studies were analyzed to identify the epidemiology of substance abuse among forced migrants worldwide. While the results were limited by lack of data, the results suggest an increased need for interventions and research related to substance use.
Forced migrants may be at risk of substance abuse as a coping mechanism for traumatic experiences, comorbid mental health disorders, acculturation problems, or economic inequality. Seven databases were searched in September 2015 to identify original peer-reviewed articles describing findings related to alcohol or illicit drugs used by forced migrants globally. Most of the research was carried out among refugees in high-income settings. Estimates of the highest quality prevalence of hazardous / harmful alcohol consumption ranged from 17% -36% in camps and 4% -7% in communities. Few studies collected validated measures of illicit drug use.
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