Ebola viral disease: health, economic and political impact in West Africa

Added June 29, 2020

Citation: Omoleke SA, Mohammed I, Saidu Y. Ebola viral disease in West Africa: a threat to global health, economy and political stability. Journal of public health in Africa. 2016 Aug 17;7(1):534.

What is this? The COVID-19 pandemic is having a substantial impact on society, including the economy and politics. Existing research on the impact of the Ebola viral disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa might provide useful information for policy makers.

In this systematic review, the authors searched for research related to EVD from Africa that evaluated the threats related to globalization, potential drivers of the outbreaks, the societal impacts of the outbreaks, and related research and development associated with EVD. They did not restrict by type of publication but limited their search to studies published in English and French that were published up to August 2014. They identified 51 studies.

What was found: The societal impacts of EVD were extensive, including economic shut down, weakened socio-political systems and unprecedented consumption of scarce health resources.

Containment efforts for EVD were hampered by weak and fragile health systems (including limited public health surveillance resources), highly-developed transport systems and globalization.

Facilitating research and development of disease control tools are important in such scenarios, given the lack of effective treatments.

 

Disclaimer: This summary has been written by staff and volunteers of Evidence Aid in order to make the content of the original document accessible to decision makers who are searching for the available evidence on the coronavirus (COVID-19) but may not have the time, initially, to read the original report in full. This summary is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physicians, other health workers, professional associations, guideline developers, or national governments and international agencies. If readers of this summary think that the evidence that is presented within it is relevant to their decision-making they should refer to the content and details of the original article, and the advice and guidelines offered by other sources of expertise, before making decisions. Evidence Aid cannot be held responsible for any decisions made about the coronavirus (COVID-19) on the basis of this summary alone.

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