Designs and concepts of 42 different mobile phone applications for the management of the West African Ebola Outbreak 2014/15

Added June 20, 2019

Citation: Tom-Aba D, Nguku P, Arinze C. Designs and concepts of 42 different mobile phone applications for the management of the West African Ebola Outbreak 2014/15- results of a systematic literature review. Health- exploring complexity: an interdisciplinary systems approach. 2016 Aug;31(s1):211

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Summary: Despite the increased usage of mobile technology in the management of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak, production of the tools with key functionalities in controlling the outbreak were significantly restricted.

Mobile Health (mHealth), utilization of mobile technology as an extension of health care, is thought to be the new medium of delivering healthcare to improve the efficacy of current practice. Despite the great potential mHealth holds, the poor productivity of mHealth usage in outbreak management was in doubt due to the lack of knowledge in the options presented to the users and the limited variety in the functionalities the tools provided.

A systematic review was conducted, combining 690 publications, to assess the current status of mHealth usage and to understand the focus area of mHealth for the development of future mHealth tools. Results show that out of the many existing key functionalities provided, ‘surveillance notification’, ‘contract tracing’, and ‘case management’ were the most common features. However, there were only three tools that supported all three of the functionalities mentioned above. Therefore, all mHealth tools should work on increasing the variety of the key functionalities to establish a better portfolio in disease surveillance and outbreak management.


Disclaimer: This summary has been written by staff and volunteers of Evidence Aid in order to make the content of the original document accessible to decision makers who are searching for the available evidence on Ebola but may not have the time, initially, to read the original report in full. This summary is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of physicians, other health workers, professional associations, guideline developers, or national governments and international agencies. If readers of this summary think that the evidence that is presented within it is relevant to their decision-making they should refer to the content and details of the original article, and the advice and guidelines offered by other sources of expertise, before making decisions. Evidence Aid cannot be held responsible for any decisions made about Ebola on the basis of this summary alone.