Clinical features of COVID-19 in children and adolescents (search done: 3 March 2020)
Citation: Castagnoli R, Votto M, Licari A, et al. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Infection in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review. JAMA pediatrics. 2020 [ePub ahead of print: 22 April 2020]
What is this? The COVID-19 pandemic is due to the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. Understanding this infection better will help policy makers involved in clinical practice and service planning.
In this rapid review, the authors searched for reports on children and adolescents (19 years or younger) with confirmed COVID-19. They did not restrict their searches by language of publication and searched for articles published since 1 December 1. They did their search on 3 March 2020. They included 18 studies (1065 confirmed COVID-19 patients) that were from China (17 studies) and Singapore (1).
What was found: At the time of this review, the included studies showed that most children with COVID-19 presented with fever, dry cough, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea or were asymptomatic.
At the time of this review, the included studies showed that most children with COVID-19 that presented with mild symptoms required supportive care only and recovered within 1 to 2 weeks.
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