A systematic review of nutritional supplementation in HIV-infected children in resource-limited settings
Citation: McHenry M.S., Dixit A., Vreeman R.C. A systematic review of nutritional supplementation in HIV-infected children in resource limited settings. Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care 2015;14(4):313-23
Periodic vitamin A supplementation is associated with reduced mortality. Macronutrient supplementation is linked to improved anthropometrics. More research is needed to determine how nutritional supplementation benefits this particularly vulnerable population.
Malnutrition can be a major cause of death for children. Malnutrition is often treated with nutritional supplementation (NS), however the effects of NS on HIV-infected children are not well known. This review aimed to assess the effects of macro- and micronutrient supplementation on children <18 years old in low- and middle-income countries. Twenty-three studies were included for review, quality was assessed using Effective Public Health Practice Project guidelines. Results showed vitamin A to have a positive effect on mortality rates. Multiple-micronutrient supplementations did not show improvement for measured health outcomes. Ready-to-use foods were associated with improvement in certain anthropometrics.
We’ve already reached tens of thousands of people with plain language summaries of systematic reviews. If you’d like to help us to continue our work, please consider a donation.
Donate with PayPal
You can also donate through the Charities Aid Foundation (CAF) here. If you are based in the USA and want to make a tax-deductable donation, please donate to Evidence Aid via the British Schools and Universities Foundation.